Types of Engineering Courses in India

From past few years, engineering has become a very common profession. We can quickly find students with B.tech and M.tech degrees around us. The rapid increase in engineering students is because of so many institutions all around of country. Besides various government institutions, more and more private institutions are being opened for providing the engineering degree. Now, everyone doesn’t want to take affiliation from universities, in fact, want to set up their universities for running all academic degrees.


After the 19th century, education boards have brought various changes in the 4-year engineering degree. Starting from the admission procedure, all the processes of the engineering courses have been completely changed over the past few years. Now, only specific subjects that provide real-time benefits are taught to the engineering students. Like foreign countries, India also has developed huge engineering courses for a massive human population. Let us look at various engineering courses that are offered by Indian engineering colleges:

Let us look at various engineering courses that are offered by Indian engineering colleges:

Note* : Admissions to B Tech Lateral Programs have also started in India. Students can apply to various colleges which are offering Engineering and Lateral Entry Program admission to make a better future. Some of the top b tech lateral entry college is Chitkara University according to this quora reply.

  1. Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace Engineering

The science that deals with designing and building of aircraft, spacecraft, missiles and spaceships is known as aerospace engineering. Candidates not only learn about earth’s environment but also acquire information about the atmosphere of other planets. This course plays an important role in the huge success of astronauts and space pilots.

  1. Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural Engineering

In this course, candidates acquire knowledge about different crops, climatic conditions and overall environment. The focusing areas of agricultural engineering are land conservation, irrigation facilities, agricultural products storage, resource planning and fertilizers use. By knowing how to use agricultural devices and how to control soil erosion candidates become better agricultural engineers.

  1. Automobiles Engineering

Automobiles Engineering

Other than mechanical engineering, this course specifically focuses on manufacturing of automobiles and motor vehicles. The production and management of automobiles are also carried out by an automobile engineer.

  1. Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

In this engineering, candidates learn about a huge number of chemicals. They carry out various practicals and experiments for developing chemical products for consumers. Almost entire chemistry is taught in this 4-year engineering course.

  1. Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering

This professional engineering course cares about designing and constructing of roads, dams and bridges. The maintenance of these canals and buildings is also carried out by civil engineers. This engineering course offers massive job opportunities.

  1. Electrical Engineering

Electrical Engineering

The course that particularly deals with electrical devices (the devices that operate at high voltages) is known as electrical engineering. Some common electrical devices are

  • Electric Motors
  • Transmission Lines
  • Electrical Generators
  1. Electronics and Communication Engineering

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Besides electrical engineering, institutes also offer electronics and communication course. In this course, candidates learn about devices that operate and at low voltages. Most popular electronic devices are transistors, diodes and remote control machines. And communication engineering explains about different tools and resources for achieving conversation. Candidates get in-depth knowledge about GSM, CDMA, DSS under this engineering course. On of the most famous engineering colleges in India which have got top placements records and companies ties up are located in North India.

  1. Instrumentation and Control Engineering

Instrumentation and Control Engineering

This course specifically explains about technologies for measuring and controlling systems. This trade also focuses on communication, computation and direction analysis. Specific outputs for inputs of systems are easily calculated by completing the engineering degree in this course. Both linear and non-linear systems are studied in instrumentation and control engineering course

  1. Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

The tools and devices of bikes, cars and buses are made by mechanical engineers. In this engineering course, candidates learn about production, transmission and use of electrical and mechanical power. Almost all the mechanical machines are tested and operated by mechanical engineers. Candidates do not get pretty much job opportunities by completing the mechanical engineering degree. Many of the important colleges from Punjab are known for providing quality mechanical engineering jobs and some of the major mechanical engineering colleges in Punjab is Chitkara University, Punjab Campus , IIT Delhi, NIT Kurukshetra.

  1. Software Engineering

Software Engineering

Also known as computer engineering, this trade has seen tremendous popularity over the past few years. Due to the huge success of this engineering course current age is known as the age of software engineers. IT companies offer huge salary packages to decent software engineers. This engineering course explains about production, design and testing of great software applications that operate on a computer and other electronic devices.


Like foreign colleges, India colleges also offer a large number of courses for completing the engineering degree. Automobiles Engineering deals with manufacturing and development of automobiles and other mechanical tools. Electronics and Communication Engineering provide details about transistors, diodes and GSM, CDMA concepts. In the chemical engineering, candidates get to know about the strategies for developing specific chemical products. The designing, testing, and development of computer and mobile applications is done in the software engineering course.

Know more : What Documents are required for Pan Card.

Reasons To Love The New Engineering

The term engineering was first evolved in the 14th century. Earlier, it did not saw much attraction but after the 1880s, this profession created havoc in all industries. Now, engineering has become one of the common professions of the world. Whether you want to start a chemical, mechanical or IT industry, you definitely require different types of engineers. Engineers are skilled professionals that provide solutions to technical and commercial problems. They use the fundamentals of science, maths and environment for developing these solutions.


Over the years, institutions and boards have come with new patterns and procedures in the engineering course. Unlike earlier limited courses, now 40 different engineering branches are offered by colleges for completing engineering degrees. From these 40, two newly developed courses are mechatronics and electronics instrumentation control. Students opt for engineering career because of large number no of reasons. Let us look at some reasons because of which students love the new engineering:

  1. Know New Things


Engineering is a profession in which you have to deal with new tools and resources. If you do not know how to use these tools, you would acquire the knowledge and become an expert. As technology changes every single day, so you need to work on new and well-designed tools. Not only people learn about these things, but they also develop particular skills through which they can finish huge tasks in shorter periods. Education boards introduce particular subjects which are mostly used in the real life. So, by learning concepts of these subjects, engineers solve vast human problems.

  1. High Salary

High Salary

Companies offer very high salary packages to students that complete engineering degree from the recognised institute. Not only students from recognised institutes but candidates who only complete the 4-year engineering course also enjoy decent salary packages. Within 3 or 6 months, they get fantastic growth from the companies. Moreover, some training institutes also offer high stipends to meritorious engineering students. Therefore, a student can make a very good career in the engineering profession.

  1. Job Flexibility

Job Flexibility

Tell me in which field you want a job? Do you want to be a lawyer, a doctor, a business owner or a government employee? Well, you can go in any of these by completing the engineering course. Engineering trade opens up new pathways for earning massive profits in these professions. If any person feels tiresome and wants to change the job, he/she can do it easily with so many skills learned from the 4-year engineering course. You need to know that not only in engineering but a decent engineer can acquire huge success in various other fields. Due to this reasons, candidates love the new engineering branch.

  1. Creativity at its best

Creativity at its best

Just like a woodworker operates on different tools for creating designs and patterns on wood; an engineer also operates on new machines for fixing various human life problems. Specific skills and innovation techniques are used for designing, building and manufacturing the hardware and software material. If you want to become a better engineer you need to develop better creative skills right from the childhood. 50% of the engineering is only about innovation and creativity. Another reason that people love the engineering is that they never get bored while working on electronic and mechanical tools. In fact, they feel excited while developing new games and applications for computers, mobiles and other electronic devices.

  1. Growth and Development

Growth and Development

This is the very fantastic point. As if engineers think that they want to change the world, they can probably do that by implementing various tactics. In the 4-year engineers course, candidates learn which areas lack behind and which areas need growth and maintenance? Acquiring this knowledge they work on particular things for contributing to the development of the country and the world. By becoming a batter engineer, you can design tools for

  • Medical purposes
  • Energy usage
  • Computer resources

Other than this, engineers also develop products with enhanced functions. Customers always look for products that provide maximum work in minimum time. All these products are designed with the help of better design and manufacturing engineers. So, the growth and development of the country and the world lies pretty much on some engineers.


Many fantastic reasons make the candidates love the new engineering. Now, a candidate studies about specific engineering subjects through which he/she can fix many real life problems. Companies offer high salary packages to decent engineering students. By working on new tools and machines, students acquire the huge sense of innovation and creativity. Through the engineering course, candidates can contribute hugely to the growth and development of the country and the world.

Know more : What is the use of the CAT Exam.

How Did the Continents Form?

Most of the people must be aware of these 7 particular continents – Africa, South America, North America, Asia, Europe, Australia and Antarctica. But, only few would be there who were aware of the formation of these continents. Not just this, but they were also be unaware of ages of these continents. Like earth’s formation, predictions have also been made about the formation of continents. If anyone wants to know completely about Earth or life’s origin, he/she needs to know about continent’s formation. So, in this article, I had shared complete information as how and when were the continents formed.


What Lead to Continents Formation?

It is certainly a difficult question. Because there is no one who can explain the particular reason as how and why continents formed. But, there are many theories that explain a little about this reason. The theories have been illustrated after watching the fossils that are found below the earth’s crust. Below, I have shared the order in which different things evolved on Earth:

The Earth’s Formation – Not only Earth but all the planets are formed by the same process. According to researchers, about 4.6 billion years ago, there was only a ball of burning gas. It was revolving and spinning through space. It was assumed that this spinning ball is the sun. This ball is  composed of several gases, dust, and other rock particles. Due to two gases –Helium and Hydrogen, there occurs fusion process called nuclear fusion. In nuclear fusion, a bigger particle splits into two or three smaller particles. Here, the hot ball called sun broke into various articles producing heat, light and radiations. In this way, all the eight planets formed including our mother earth. The necessary things water and oxygen were also founded and life evolved on this planet.

The Continent’s Formation – After formation of Earth, there started another process that paved the way for continents and oceans. Firstly, after 100 million years, land masses emerged into oceans. And after another 250 million years, the formation of continents was started. In the process, all contents that were present at that time formed into a super-continent known as Pangaea. Then, after 200 million years, this super-continent was split into two more continents called Laurasia and Gondwana. The continents such as South America, Australia, Africa and Antartica that you know today were formed from this Gondwana. Then, the Indian sub-continent also broke away and led to the formation of world’s tallest mountain range called the Himalayas.

Formation of Different Continents – Many big land masses called rocks and small landmasses called cratons formed into various continents. One continent called Vaalbara supercontinent was formed. This massive continent got its name from two words – Kaapval and Pilbara. Antarctica continent was formed around 2.52 billion years ago. The Kenorland continent, the Greenland, and Wyoming cratons lead to the development of this continent. Next, Atlantica continent was formed around 2 billion years ago. It was made through cratons that are located in Northeastern South America and West & Central Africa. This is the part which is now known by the Atlantic Ocean. A similar process led to the formation of other continents. Now, we only know 7 specific continents and 5 oceans. But, in earlier times, there might be some other continents that would have emerged and buried deep into the seas and oceans. So, it is difficult to know all things about continent’s formation

The Future of Continents – Do you know the future of continents? Exactly, uncertainty prevails about this statement too. According to scientists, the 7 continents that we know today would converge again and would form a new, massive supercontinent.


It is important to know how our 7 continents evolved. Many scientists had proposed several theories about the formation of continents. The earth was formed around 4.6 billion years ago. It was the fusion process that leads to the evolution of all 7 planets. Around 250 million years ago, rocks, landmasses, and crators formed into a super-continent known as Pangaea. This super continent then evolved into Laurasia and Gondwana. And finally, these continents led to a formation of our modern day continents like Antartica, South America, and Europe. The future of continents is still uncertain, and these can gain form a super-continent. These are the basic processes that evolved our 7 particular continents.

Know More : What is the use of CAT Exam ?

What documents are required for pan card

Permanent Account Number card i.e. PAN Card is one of the most important and compulsory documents. It is introduced as mainly a way to identify an individual from taxation point of view, the PAN card is used for various other purposes as well. And if you lose your it, you will end up feeling fretful and upset. But there is no need to be tensed in such situations as reprinting of a new card is very easy. In fact, it is a button click away to get a new card in case you don’t have one.


To apply online for the PAN card, below is the procedure in details:

  1. Open the pan services unit website https://tin.tin.nsdl.com/pan/ in your browser.
  2. Homepage of Pan services unit of Income Tax will be opened. This page have different sections like to apply for new Pan Card, reprinting of Pan card, enquiry and tracking status and additional detail to existing PAN information. The applicant can select the required tab or option as per his requirement.
  3. Form 49 A is used for application of new PAN, which is available on the mentioned website, i.e. https://tin.tin.nsdl.com/pan/. Details can be filled and forms can be submitted online.
  4. An acknowledgement is received after the submission of the form. This acknowledgement displays 15-digit unique number. The acknowledgement should be saved and print can also be taken for the next proceeding.
  5. This printed acknowledgement form is then sent to income tax department for further proceedings. There are a few necessary documents to be sent with this acknowledgement form as attachments. They include address proof and identity proof documents. The name mentioned in form 49A must be same as your identity proof and address proof documents. This should be taken care of while filling the name in Form 49A.
  6. Two latest colored photographs must be affixed in the form at the provided space. There is a section for signature also. The photographs given should be latest and clear as these will be used as identification photo for your PAN card.
  7. Application fee of Rs 96 has to be paid for Indian residence. Payment can be made by credit or debit card, demand draft, cheque or via internet banking. For non Indian residence, a demand draft of Rs 962 is payable. If payment is made by credit or debit card or through internet banking, then it is done when the form is being filled, for which payment acknowledgement is also received by the applicant at the same time. Print of this acknowledgement is to be attached with the Form 49A.
  8. Hence, the address proof, identity proof , photographs and the payment proof ( applicable as mentioned above) are to be attached with Form 49A and sent to NSDL, Pune within two weeks of online application. The envelope should mention the words “application for PAN card-‘ Acknowledgement number’”. These applications are processed once the payment is made and received by NSDL.
  9. The above steps are self-explanatory and easy. All the guidelines and adequate instructions are provided in the website for the process of PAN application, with all the do’s and don’ts. One can check the application status once acknowledgement is sent. NSDL also provides the facility to tack the status by writing at their address. SMS facility can also be avail by typing SMS NSDLPAN <space> Acknowledgement number and sending this SMS to 57575.
  10. For correction of details in your present PAN card is same as applying the new one as mentioned above. In the website homepage, there is a tab called “Changes or correction in PAN details”. Clicking on that tab will open the Request Form for changes or corrections. It is to be filled as per above mentioned steps. This section has different set of instructions, guidelines and list of do’s and a list of don’ts for your help.

Documents Required for Pan Card Application

Documents for pancard

Documents for proof of identity

  • Voter Identity Card
  • Driving License
  • Passport
  • Arm’s License
  • Central Government Health Scheme Card or Ex-servicemen Contributory Heath Scheme photo card
  • Ration Card having photograph of applicant
  • Photo identity card issued by the Central Government or a State Government or a Public Sector Undertaking
  • Pensioner Card having photograph of the applicants
  • Elector’s photo identity card

Documents for proof of address

  • Elector’s Photo Identity Card
  • Driving License
  • Passport
  • Bank Account Statement/Passbook
  • Credit Card Statement
  • Landline telephone or broadband connection bill^
  • Passport of the Spouse
  • Post office pass book having address of the applicant
  • Electricity Bill
  • Depository Account Statement
  • Latest Property Tax Assessment Order
  • Domicile certificate issued by the Government
  • Allotment letter of accommodation issued by the Central Government or State Government of not more than three years old
  • Property registration document
  • Consumer Gas Connection Card or book or piped gas bill
  • Water Bill

Documents for proof of date birth          

  • Birth Certificate issued by the Municipal Authority
  • Pension Payment Order
  • Marriage certificate issued by Registrar of Marriages
  • Matriculation certificate
  • Domicile certificate issued by Government
  • Affidavit sworn before a magistrate stating the date of birth by the Government
  • Driving License
  • Passport

Documents for proof of office address

  • Credit Card Statement carrying Office Address
  • Bank Account Statement carrying Office Address
  • Employer Certificate carrying Office Address
  • Electricity Bill carrying Office Address
  • Telephone Bill carrying Office Address
  • Depository Account Statement carrying Office Address
  • Office Property Tax Assessment Order bill
  • Bank Account Statement carrying Office Address


These were the easy steps mentioned in the blog that shall ease your work to apply for a new Pan Card Online with all the documents that are required in detail.

Know more : Reasons to love Engineering.

What is the use of the CAT Exam

If you’re considering appearing for your MBA, you’ve probably heard of a number of different admission tests, including the MAT, CMAT, XAT, JMET, SNAP, IIFT and more. Well, if you’re wondering, which exam is considered the most prestigious; it’s none other than the CAT. So it’s no surprise to learn that it’s conducted by the leading management institutes in the country: the IIM’s. Apart from being the premier admissions exam, it is also the most competitive for obvious reasons. Admission into any one of the IIM’s almost always guarantees a high earning placement owing to strong ties that they have with the leading business in the country as well as a few overseas.


To give you an idea of just how competitive the exam really is; last year alone close to 2 lakh applicants gave the exam to compete for a meagre 1500 seats. This statistic and its long history of selectivity has made the CAT the most competitive exam in the country.

Here is a short list of the top colleges that accept the CAT admission test:

  1. IIM (Institute of Management)
  2. S.P Jain Institute of Management and Research (SPJIMR)
  3. Management Development Institute (Gurgoan)
  4. International Management Institute (IMI)
  5. Institute of Management Technology (IMT)
  6. Jamanlal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS)
  7. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  8. Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

How to give the CAT?

The exam is conducted once a year by different IIM’s in the country. Each year a different IIM has the honour of conducting the exam. On an average, dates for the exam are usually declared in August.



  • The candidate must have secured at least 50% in their bachelors or 45% if they belong to SCT’s or SC’s and persons with disability.
  • Their degree should be awarded by a university that is recognised as such by the government or by the parliament.
  • Other eligibility requirements may exist or may be brought into existence by the IIM’s whenever they deem it fit. Details about new criteria can be learnt about at the official IIM website: www.iimcat.ac.in.

Exam Format

Quantitative Ability – 34
Verbal ability and Reading Comprehension – 34
Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning -32

The above is the revised CAT format from previous years. Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning is an entirely new addition to the format. The allotted duration of the exam has also been extended from 170 minutes to 180 minutes. Another new addition is a written answer section in addition to the MCQ (multiple choice Questions) format of the exam.



  • The CAT is an extremely challenging exam that demands sufficient preparation.
  • Candidates should start preparing months in advance. Even before the dates are released.
  • Given the heavy focus on comprehension ability, applicants should spend time reading every day.
  • Candidates should talk to people who have already given the exam and start giving sample tests from the very beginning to be well prepared.
  • Time management is another valuable skill that goes along way in determining success in the CAT, given the high volume of questions in a short amount of time.
  • By allocating time every day for study and preparation, students will prepare well and be confident when the time comes to give the exam. Good preparation helps to calm the nerves and keep the mind calm.

Know more : Types of Engineering courses in India.